CBD stands for Cannabidiol. It is one of over 113 naturally occurring cannabinoid compounds in the cannabis plant. Cannabis flowers (both hemp and marijuana) secrete a sticky resin rich in cannabinoids such as CBD, as well as terpenes and many other phytochemicals.
Compared to THC – the second major cannabinoid in cannabis – CBD is not psychoactive. This means that no matter how much you take, it will not produce the typical “high” of marijuana.
CBD has recently been classified as a dietary supplement in the US – giving the public open access to CBD supplements.
CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system – a complex network of receptors and neurotransmitters that spreads throughout the body. The function of this system is to regulate the balance of various organ systems.
Most of these receptors are located in the brain, central nervous system and immune system. Almost every organ, including the skin and digestive tract, has cannabinoid receptors.
The endocannabinoid system controls numerous major biological functions, including:
- Immune response
- Perception of the senses
- Stress management
- Cognitive performance
CBD works through the endocannabinoid system by increasing naturally occurring endocannabinoids – thus helping the body maintain balance.
From a scientific point of view, both hemp and marijuana are the same species – Cannabis sativa.
The difference is in their chemical composition.
Anything with less than 0.2% THC (in Europe) and less than 0.3% THC (in the US) by dry weight is classified as hemp (non-psychoactive), while anything over that is marijuana (psychoactive).
Hemp is more commonly used to make food (hemp seeds), rope, paper, building materials, natural plastics and most importantly – additives such as CBD oil.
Marijuana is used for recreational, spiritual or medical purposes due to its psychoactive effects.
At Dream Green, we only use hemp plants that have been specially grown for their high CBD content and lack of psychoactive THC.
Yeah. CBD is CBD regardless of whether it comes from the hemp plant or the marijuana plant.
However, the ratio of cannabinoids is very different from the hemp and marijuana plant. The most obvious difference is THC and CBD – marijuana has high THC and usually low CBD levels, while hemp is high in CBD and low in THC. Other cannabinoids also vary a lot between the two plants.
Terpenes also vary a lot between hemp and marijuana – but this really depends on the strains used and can vary a lot from plant to plant.
Our partner growers use selectively grown hemp strains that contain more terpenes than regular hemp plants.
CBD can be used in many different ways – and none of them are more effective than others.
The most popular method is with the help of oil, capsules, E-liquid.
CBD oils are the most versatile because you can take your dose directly in your mouth, mix it with food, or keep it under your tongue to speed up absorption.
The suggested daily dosage size for CBD oil is 5-50 mg of CBD per day, depending on your weight and how CBD affects you individually.
As a general guideline, you can aim for 1-6 mg of CBD for every 10 pounds of body weight and increase it by just a few mg per day until you get the results you want.
If you use 1000 mg of oil, there are a total of 200 drops (doses) at a dose of 5 mg per drop.
When choosing from our CBD-rich extracts, pay attention to two main factors:
Strength / Power
Because CBD dosage can vary so much from person to person, it helps to purchase the right potency (strength) to match your individual dosage. For example, if you need a high dose of CBD oil, it makes more sense to buy a high-potency oil. To achieve a high dose with lower potency oils, you need to take a lot of oil each time.
If you only need a small dose of CBD to get the desired effects, a low-potency oil is a better option, as it is harder to go overboard with your CBD dose with these oils.
Types of CBD Product
CBD comes in all forms—oils, capsules, gummies, teas, and even topical salves or creams.
Choosing the right type of CBD depends on what you’re using it for and how important convenience is to your CBD treatments.
CBD oils are the most well-rounded because you can use them both internally and topically—but aren’t as straightforward to dose if you’ve never used CBD before. Other forms of CBD, such as gum, have flavor enhancements and make dosing much simpler, but are not as well-rounded as oils and tinctures.
Many people tend to mix CBD-rich hemp extracts with hemp seed oil, which you can find at your local grocery store. In reality, these two oils are worlds apart.
Normal hemp seed oil is made by cold pressing the seeds of hemp plants. The produced oil is rich in nutrients such as gamma linolenic acid (GLA), amino acids and trace elements. It is an excellent food source – but does not contain CBD or other cannabinoids.
CBD hemp oils, on the other hand, are made from the female resin of hemp plants (without seeds). The resin is extracted using the latest extraction methods to collect cannabinoids and terpenes that occur naturally in plant resin. This is the source of CBD.